Investigating the potential for reducing emissions from road transport by replacing fossil fuels with bio-waste-based dual biofuels

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Investigating the potential for reducing emissions from road transport by replacing fossil fuels with bio-waste-based dual biofuels

Project No.: 09.3.3.-LMT-K-712-16-0094

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Project title: ‘Investigating the potential for reducing emissions from road transport by replacing fossil fuels with bio-waste-based dual biofuels’.
Start of project activities – 2019-10-10
End of the project – 2020-04-30
Funding available – 2816,33 Eur.

The project is financed by the European Social Fund under the European Union Funds Investment Operational Programme 2014-2020, Priority 9 “Public Education and Enhancing the Potential of Human Resources”, Implementing Measure No. 09.3.3-LMT-K-712 “Developing the Scientific Competence of Scientists, Other Researchers, and Students through Practical Scientific Activities”.

In the European Union (EU) and Lithuania, to address environmental and energy challenges, it is planned to support the production of second and subsequent generations of biofuels (from waste and non-food feedstocks), with a 60% reduction in CO2 emissions over their life cycle. In order to develop sustainable transport and energy, there is a need to develop the production of liquid and gaseous biofuels and to improve the technology for the application of these alternative fuels. In compression ignition engines with high energy efficiency, it is rational to use dual fuels (biodiesel and biogas) where liquid biodiesel is used for the ignition process and biogas is an additional energy source. In this way, large amounts of energy can be generated using various bio-waste materials. For the best energy and environmental performance, it is necessary to determine the optimum mixtures, adjust the fuel supply algorithm, exhaust gas recirculation and other engine parameters.

The aim of the project is to experimentally investigate the factors influencing the ecological performance of a dual-fuel compression ignition engine by determining the optimal engine control.

The study will experimentally investigate and compare the environmental performance of a compression ignition engine running on alternative renewable biofuels and conventional fossil fuels. The study will replace part of the liquid fuels with biogas, determine the composition of the dual biofuel blend and an efficient delivery algorithm to minimise environmental pollution.

The project “Investigation of the possibilities of reducing emissions from automotive transport by replacing fossil fuels with alternative dual (liquid and gaseous) fuels produced from bio-waste” will provide the student with knowledge and practical experience in the field of research into the performance of internal combustion engines. The student will master the methodology of research, get acquainted with the principles of analysis of the obtained results, analysing the ecological and energy indicators of internal combustion engines, and evaluate the positive aspects of the use of alternative biofuels.

The results of the research will enable the wider use of biofuels (biodiesel and biogas) in the transport and energy sectors, through the development of alternative fuels using bio-waste, thus reducing environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.